Meniere's disease is a non-inflammatory disease that develops in the inner part of the human ear, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.
It is accompanied by persistent hearing loss, dizziness and balance problems. The disease was first mentioned in the 19th century, but to this day there is no exact cause for the development of this pathology. The disease cannot be classified as common: per thousand people there is only one patient. People aged between twenty and fifty years are at risk. In childhood, this disease is almost non-existent.
Why does the disease occur?
Let's turn to anatomy. Our ear consists of several departments with certain functions. The inner part is called a labyrinth. It is responsible for sound perception and coordination of the body in space (i.e. it allows us to jump, walk, perform more complex movements).
Patients with this disorder have an increased accumulation of fluid in the labyrinth. Normally, the fluid called endolympha should be present here in small amounts. But as soon as there is an excess of it, the endolympha begins to pressure the sensitive cells in the inner ear, which, according to many scientists, and causes the development of the disease and the manifestation of its symptoms, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.
Dr. Denis Slinkin argues that the possible causes of the disease are also possible: abnormal structure of the temporal bone; allergic reactions (statistics note that patients with this disease - allergy), heredity factor (scientists are increasingly inclined that one of the causes of the disease - heredity, because most patients in the family previously had cases of this disease), viral infections, vascular problems (diagnosis of the disease reveals susceptibility to migraines), internal ear injuries, inflammatory processes in the labyrinth.